Vipassana Fellowship © 2012
Vipassana Fellowship - Calm and Insight meditation inspired by the early Buddhist tradition.
Mindfulness meditation from the Theravada tradition for the spiritual development of people of all faiths & none. Online courses & support since 1997

The Noble Eightfold Path by Bhikkhu Bodhi

Factorial Analysis  Recommended Readings  About the Author


A Factorial Analysis of the Noble Eightfold Path
(Pali and English)

I. Samma ditthi -- Right view

dukkhe nana -- understanding suffering
dukkhasamudaye nana -- understanding its origin
dukkhanirodhe nana -- understanding its cessation
dukkhanirodhagaminipatipadaya nana -- understanding the way leading to its cessation

II. Samma sankappa -- Right intention

nekkhamma-sankappa -- intention of renunciation
abyapada-sankappa -- intention of good will
avihimsa-sankappa -- intention of harmlessness

III. Samma vaca -- Right speech

musavada veramani -- abstaining from false speech
pisunaya vacaya veramani -- abstaining from slanderous speech
pharusaya vacaya veramani -- abstaining from harsh speech
samphappalapa veramani -- abstaining from idle chatter

IV. Samma kammanta -- Right action

panatipata veramani -- abstaining from taking life
adinnadana veramani -- abstaining from stealing
kamesu micchacara veramani -- abstaining from sexual misconduct

V. Samma ajiva -- Right livelihood

miccha ajivam pahaya -- giving up wrong livelihood,
samma ajivena jivitam kappeti -- one earns one's living by a right form of livelihood

VI. Samma vayama -- Right effort

samvarappadhana -- the effort to restrain defilements
pahanappadhana -- the effort to abandon defilements
bhavanappadhana -- the effort to develop wholesome states
anurakkhanappadhana -- the effort to maintain wholesome states

VII. Samma sati -- Right mindfulness

kayanupassana -- mindful contemplation of the body
vedananupassana -- mindful contemplation of feelings
cittanupassana -- mindful contemplation of the mind
dhammanupassana -- mindful contemplation of phenomena

VIII. Samma samadhi -- Right concentration

pathamajjhana -- the first jhana
dutiyajjhana -- the second jhana
tatiyajjhana -- the third jhana
catutthajjhana -- the fourth jhana


I. General treatments of the Noble Eightfold Path

Ledi Sayadaw. The Noble Eightfold Path and Its Factors Explained. (Wheel 245/247).
Nyanatiloka Thera. The Word of the Buddha. (BPS 14th ed., 1968).
Piyadassi Thera. The Buddha's Ancient Path. (BPS 3rd ed., 1979).

II. Right View

Nanamoli, Bhikkhu. The Discourse on Right View. (Wheel 377/379).
Nyanatiloka Thera. Karma and Rebirth. (Wheel 9).
Story, Francis. The Four Noble Truths. (Wheel 34/35).
Wijesekera, O.H. de A. The Three Signata. (Wheel 20).

III. Right Intentions

Nanamoli Thera. The Practice of Lovingkindness. (Wheel 7).
Nyanaponika Thera. The Four Sublime States. (Wheel 6).
Prince, T. Renunciation. (Bodhi Leaf B 36).

IV. Right Speech, Right Action, & Right Livelihood

Bodhi, Bhikkhu. Going for Refuge and Taking the Precepts. (Wheel 282/284).
Narada Thera. Everyman's Ethics. (Wheel 14).
Vajirananavarorasa. The Five Precepts and the Five Ennoblers. (Bangkok: Mahamakuta, 1975).

V. Right Effort

Nyanaponika Thera. The Five Mental Hindrances and Their Conquest. (Wheel 26).
Piyadassi Thera. The Seven Factors of Enlightenment. (Wheel 1).
Soma Thera. The Removal of Distracting Thoughts.(Wheel 21).

VI. Right Mindfulness

Nyanaponika Thera. The Heart of Buddhist Meditation.(London: Rider, 1962; BPS, 1992).
Nyanaponika Thera. The Power of Mindfulness. (Wheel 121/122).
Nyanasatta Thera. The Foundations of Mindfulness (Satipatthana Sutta). (Wheel 19).
Soma Thera. The Way of Mindfulness. (BPS, 3rd ed., 1967).

VII. Right Concentration & The Development of Wisdom

Buddhaghosa, Bhadantacariya. The Path of Purification (Visuddhimagga). Translated by Bhikkhu Nanamoli, 4th ed. (BPS, 1979).
Khantipalo, Bhikkhu. Calm and Insight. (London: Curzon, 1980).
Ledi Sayadaw. A Manual of Insight. (Wheel 31/32).
Nyanatiloka Thera. The Buddha's Path to Deliverance. (BPS, 1982).
Sol‚-Leris, Amadeo. Tranquillity and Insight. (London: Rider, 1986; BPS 1992).
Vajiranana, Paravahera. Buddhist Meditation in Theory and Practice. 2nd ed. (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Buddhist Missionary Society, 1975).

All Wheel publications and Bodhi Leaves referred to above are published by the Buddhist Publication Society.

About the Author

Bhikkhu Bodhi is a Buddhist monk of American nationality, born in New York City in 1944. After completing a doctorate in philosophy at the Claremont Graduate School, he came to Sri Lanka for the purpose of entering the Sangha. He received novice ordination in 1972 and higher ordination in 1973, both under the eminent scholar-monk, Ven. Balangoda Ananda Maitreya, with whom he studied Pali and Dhamma. He is the author of several works on Theravada Buddhism, including four translations of major Pali suttas along with their commentaries. Since 1984 he has been the Editor for the Buddhist Publication Society, and since 1988 its President.

back to the beginning

Dhamma Essay:
Vision and Routine by Bhikkhu Bodhi

Meditation | Resources | Pali Canon | Training | Parisa
Audio | Links | Books | Newsletter | Feedback | Donate
to know - to shape - to liberate

Site Copyright © 2021, Vipassana Fellowship Ltd.     [Terms of Service & Privacy Policy]